Today, on 23 January, Syrian peace talks began in the Kazakh capital. It is known that the representatives of the Syrian government and the Syrian opposition, Turkey, Iran, Russia, the UN Special Envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, and the US ambassador to Kazakhstan, George Krol, will attend the negotiations.
The delegation of the Syrian armed opposition at the negotiations in Astana is headed by one of the leaders of Jaish al-Islam group, Mohammad Alloush.
It should be mentioned that much is expected of these negotiations, because all the warring parties of the Syrian conflict have been unable to reach an agreement for almost six years. Also, such a large-scale event will be a step for a real solution of the Syrian problem.
According to Kazakh Foreign Minister, Kairat Abdrakhmanov, the main purpose of the meeting in Astana is to confirm the commitment of the parties to the ceasefire agreement, which was signed on December 30, 2016. It is also necessary to move the process of local ceasefire to a national level.
In addition, it is necessary to take urgent measures to prevent the further growth of subversive terrorist activity which is aimed at the vital infrastructure, such as water, electricity and fuel supply systems.
These issues are directly related to the living conditions of the Syrian civilians. For example, people in Damascus do not have access to drinking water for nearly a month. Currently, the terrorists of Jabhat Fatah al-Sham captured the water source in the Wadi Barada valley. Thus, more than 5 million people are sentenced to death.
Syrians are tired of war. During the conflict, more than 400 thousand people have been killed, more than 20% of all residence buildings in the country destroyed, about 40% factories don’t function, one of three children can’t attend school, and more than 7 million people are refugees now. We must put an end to this war. Only the talks in Astana are able to approach a solution of the Syrian conflict.